On average, 13 million hectares of forest are destroyed worldwide each year. This figure of the United Nations is very questioning. Already in March 2015, on the occasion of the International Day of Forests, Ban Ki-Moon, then Secretary-General of the United Nations, sounded the alarm, warning against deforestation. But Ban Ki-Moon’s call seems to have fallen on deaf ears. Far from experiencing a decline, the phenomenon rather broke the record the following year. 30 million hectares of tropical forests destroyed in 2016. Unfortunately, the situation is more deplorable in Sub-Saharan Africa and particularly in Burkina Faso. In addition to the low distribution of vegetation cover in the territory, there are few initiatives to preserve the few existing forests. Worse, some classified forests are even threatened with extinction. This is also the case with the Kua forest in the Hauts-Bassin region, which currently supplies news in Burkina Faso.
What are the authorities doing to protect the environment?
A member of IUCN since the 1990s, Burkina Faso benefits from the implementation of environmental programs including the participatory management of natural resources, forests and protected areas. And to curb the advance of the desert, the IUCN Central and West Africa Program (PACO) is working in Burkina with the theme of forest conservation. Proof that it is not the initiatives that are missing. These initiatives must, however, be accompanied by long-term actions and collective awareness. In addition, the government’s declaration on the decommissioning of the Kua forest must be accompanied by concrete actions. Is it because a classified forest has lost some of its trees that instead of reforestation it must be permanently destroyed? Otherwise, what is the government doing to preserve the 76 classified forests in the country? In clear terms, beyond words, the government through its ministry in charge of the environment must make the fight against deforestation his hobbyhorse. At the level of the decision-makers, measures must be taken to mitigate the degradation of the forest species on the Burkinabe territory. Civil society must also get involved because the ecological issue is everyone’s business. Thus, all entities must work to educate the population as a whole on the issues of sustainable development and the need to protect our forest reserves, because remember, if the Bobo City Council has raised the state of degradation the forest classified Kua up to 87% to justify its downgrading, it is because it underwent for a long time a strong human pressure which lacked without doubt adequate protection. It should also be emphasized that the protection of forests goes beyond the ecological aspect with the consequent global warming. Forest cover must be said, has both economic, social and even health value. Hence the conclusion of a study by IRD researchers published in the American journal Science Advances, that “deforestation of primary forests remains one of the main causes of the appearance of new infectious agents and their epidemic circulation. in human populations “. Therefore, in a Sahelian country like Burkina Faso, global warming is a reality and reforestation actions must be accompanied by efforts to fight for the safeguarding of the forest heritage. And remember, ” our world is the result of our actions! ”