Africa is one of the continents known for the legacy it enjoys of nature. This legacy ranges from mineral resources to forest resources going by the fauna and flora. In this element, we focus on a treasure that gets less respectful from leaders and people. Let’s go to the discovery of five (5) parks and /or natural reserves according to the African regions.
West Africa: In this part of the continent, it is the W parks that have caught our attention. It is a transnational extension covering 3 countries in the West African subregion. These are Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger. This transnational part W was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996. The W Parks cover an area of approximately 1,494,831 ha. A vast expanse of intact Sudano-Sahelian savannah, with vegetation types such as grasslands, bush shrubs, wooded savannahs or extensive gallery forests. It is the largest and most important continuum of terrestrial, semi-aquatic and aquatic ecosystems in the West African savanna belt, “say UNESCO experts. This natural reserve serves as a refuge for animal species that have disappeared elsewhere in West Africa or are highly threatened. It hosts the largest population of elephants in West Africa according to UNESCO, and most of the large mammals typical of the region, such as the African manatee, cheetah, lion or leopard. It is also home to the only viable population of lions in the region. Unfortunately, instead of serving the interests of the countries concerned, the W parks are a feared area for poachers, artisanal gold panning and trafficking of all kinds. This wildlife sanctuary is becoming a corridor for terrorist groups and narco-traffickers.
East Africa: In this part, Masai Mara has caught our attention. Maasai Mara (Masai Mara) is located in southwestern Kenya and is “one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in Africa” according to MaasaiMara.com. With Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, it forms the most diverse, most incredible and most spectacular ecosystems in Africa and perhaps even the largest safari ecosystem in the world, according to this website. The Maasai Mara National Reserve covers 1,510 km2 and is home to more than 95 mammal species and more than 570 bird species.
South Africa: In terms of wildlife, the Kruger National Park is one of the most beautiful national parks in the world according to the park officials . The diversity, the density and the number of animals make the pride of this park which shelters all the species such as the elephants, the lions, the leopards, the cheetahs, the rhinoceros (a species more and more rare), the buffaloes , hippopotamuses, zebras, etc. There are also about 137 other mammals and more than 500 bird species. The park covers 19,485 km2 and the landscape is splendid.
North Africa: In this part of the continent, we are talking about the mythical Djurdjura National Park in Algeria. Located north-east of Algeria in a hilly region between the cities of Bouira and Tizi-Ouzou, this park covers an area of 18,500 ha. Djurdjura is a park of snow-capped peaks, winter rivers and silent forests, very important gorges and chasms, valleys, a lake and high plateaus. The flora of the Djurdjura National Park contains about 600 species, including the cork oak, the holm oak, the zeen oak … The fauna is also important and varied with the presence of magot monkeys, booted eagles, wild boars, striped hyena , hawks, nightingales, heron centered, partridge.
Central Africa: Mbam and Djerem National Park is a newly established national park in central Cameroon. It extends into Adamaoua, in an area including both the rainforest equatorial (south and east) and Sudano-Guinean savanna zones. The park, created in January 2000 covers 4200 square kilometers, half of which is made up of lowland rainforest, the other half of wooded savannah and wooded savannah. Mbam and Djerem constitute a great diversity of habitats and a great biodiversity.